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An ‘extreme’ exoplanet found in orbit around a hot blue star



Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This is an artist’s impression of the exoplanet WASP-189 b orbiting its host star. The star appears to glow blue because it is more than 2,000 degrees warmer than our sun. The planet, which is slightly larger than Jupiter, has an inclined orbit around the star̵

7;s poles rather than its equator.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

For the first time, an exoplanet has been found orbiting a dead star known as a white dwarf. In this artist’s illustration, the Jupiter-sized planet WD 1856 b orbits the white dwarf every day and a half.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This illustration shows a carbon-rich planet with diamond and silica as its main minerals. Water can convert a carbon-rich planet into one made of diamonds. Inside, the main minerals would be diamond and silica (a layer with crystals in the illustration). The core (dark blue) could be made of an iron-carbon alloy.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This image shows a young sun-like star orbiting two gas giant exoplanets. It was taken by the SPHERE instrument on the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope. The star can be seen in the upper left corner and the planets are the two bright spots.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This artist’s impression shows a planet the size of Neptune in the Neptune desert. It is extremely rare to find an object of this size and density so close to its star.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This is an artist’s impression of the newly discovered multiplanetary system of super-Earths orbiting a nearby red dwarf star called Gliese 887.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

The newly discovered exoplanet AU Mic b is about the size of Neptune.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This artist’s impression shows a view of the surface of the planet Proxima b orbiting the red dwarf star Proxima Centauri, the closest star to the Solar System. Proxima b is a little more massive than the Earth.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This is an artist’s illustration of the atmosphere of an exoplanet with a white dwarf star visible on the horizon. Starlight from a white dwarf filtered through the atmosphere of an orbiting exoplanet could reveal whether the planet has biosignatures.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This is an artistic illustration of the Kepler-88 planetary system, where a giant exoplanet and two smaller planets orbit the star Kepler-88. The system is more than 1,200 light years away.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This is an illustration of the newly discovered exoplanet Kepler-1649c orbiting its host red dwarf star.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This artist’s illustration shows the night side view of the exoplanet WASP-76b, where iron rains from the sky.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This is an artist’s concept of a ringed planet passing in front of its host star. It shows how “bloated” a planet surrounded by rings can look from afar.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

The sizes of the 17 new candidate planets, here in orange, are compared to the colored representations of Mars, Earth and Neptune. The green planet is KIC-7340288 b, a rocky planet in the habitable zone of its star.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

Artist’s impression of K2-18b. CREDIT Amanda Smith

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This is an artist’s illustration of a huge planet orbiting a fresh young star. In the case of the newly discovered system, the planet is 10 times more massive than Jupiter and the planet’s orbit is nearly 600 times that of Earth around the sun.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

Welcome to the KELT-9 system. The host star is a hot, rapidly rotating Type A star that is about 2.5 times as massive and nearly twice as hot as our sun. The hot star detonates its neighboring planet KELT-9b with massive amounts of radiation, leading to a daytime temperature of 7800 degrees Fahrenheit, hotter than most stars and only 2000 degrees colder than the sun.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This is an artistic rendition of the Proxima Centauri planetary system. The super-terrestrial exoplanet Proxima c, on the right, has an orbit of approximately 5.2 Earth years around its host star. The system also includes the smaller Proxima b, on the left, discovered in 2016. Illustration by Lorenzo Santinelli.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This is an artist’s concept of GJ180d, the temperate super-Earth closest to us with the potential to support life.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

An illustration of WASP-12b spiraling in a dance of death towards its star. The planet will meet its end in three million years.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

TOI 700 d is the first potentially habitable Earth-sized planet identified by NASA’s TESS mission.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

TOI 1338 b stands out from its two host stars, making it the first such discovery for the TESS mission. TESS only detects transits from the largest star

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

The artist’s illustration shows a humid exoplanet with an oxygen atmosphere. The red sphere is the dwarf star M that orbits the exoplanet.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This artist’s illustration shows a dry exoplanet with an oxygen atmosphere. The red sphere is the dwarf star M that orbits the exoplanet.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This artist’s illustration of the Kepler 51 system shows recently discovered super-puff exoplanets, which are also called “cotton candy” exoplanets because they are so light.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This artist’s conceptual illustration shows an exoplanet with two moons orbiting within the habitable zone of a red dwarf star.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This is an artist’s illustration of two exoplanets colliding in a binary star system.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This is an artist’s illustration of a Neptune-type exoplanet in the frigid outer extremities of its star system. It might resemble a newly discovered large gas giant that takes about 20 years to orbit a star 11 light-years from Earth.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This image shows a comparison between the red dwarf star GJ 3512 and our solar system, as well as other nearby red dwarf planetary systems.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This artist’s illustration shows the exoplanet K2-18b orbiting its host star. It is currently the only super-terrestrial exoplanet that has water vapor in its atmosphere and may be at the right temperature to support life.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This is an illustration of an exoluna losing mass as it is dragged around the gas giant it orbits.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

An illustration shows what the orbit of exoplanet HR 5183 b would look like if it fell into our solar system. It would likely swing from the asteroid belt to Neptune, the eighth planet in our solar system.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

At least two giant planets, no older than 20 million years, orbit the star Beta Pictoris. In the background, you can see a disk of dust and gas surrounding the star.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This is an artist’s interpretation of what super-Earth GJ 357 d might look like. It is located within the habitable zone of its star which is 31 light years from Earth.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

An artist’s impression of a circumplanetary disk around PDS 70c, a gas giant exoplanet in a star system 370 light-years away.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This artist’s illustration shows two gas giant exoplanets orbiting the young star PDS 70. These planets are still growing by gathering material from a surrounding disk. In the process, they gravitationally carved a large space into the disk.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

An artist’s illustration of HD 21749c, the first Earth-sized planet found by TESS, as well as its brother, HD 21749b, a hot mini-Neptune.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

A “hot Saturn” passes in front of its host star in this illustration. Astronomers studying the stars used “starquakes” to characterize the star, which provided critical information about the planet.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

Artistic concept of TESS on the background of stars and planets orbiting in the Milky Way. Credits: ESA, M. Kornmesser (ESO), Aaron E. Lepsch (ADNET Systems Inc.), Britt Griswold (Maslow Media Group), NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center and Cornell University

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

A super-telescope made the first direct observation of an exoplanet using optical interferometry. This method revealed a complex exoplanetary atmosphere with clouds of iron and silicates swirling in a planetary storm. The technique presents unique possibilities for characterizing many of the exoplanets known today.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This image shows an artist’s impression of the surface of Barnard’s star b, a cold Super-Earth discovered in orbit around Barnard’s star 6 light-years away.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This artist’s illustration shows the newly discovered exoplanet K2-288Bb, 226 light-years away and half the size of Neptune. It orbits the faintest member of a pair of fantastic M-type stars every 31.3 days.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This is an artist’s impression of the exoplanet HAT-P-11b. The planet has an extended helium atmosphere that is blown away by the star, a smaller but more active orange dwarf than our sun.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

An artistic illustration of what the super-Earth might look like around the orange star HD 26965 (also known as 40 Eridani A). The newly discovered exoplanet is being compared to the fictional planet of Vulcan because Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry said the star was the ideal candidate to host Vulcan, Mr. Spock’s home world.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

The star TRAPPIST-1, an ultra cold dwarf, has seven Earth-sized planets orbiting it.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

For the first time, eight planets have been found orbiting another star, linked to our solar system for the best-known planets around a single star. The Kepler-90 system is located in the constellation of Draco, more than 2,500 light years from Earth.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This artist’s illustration shows the exoplanet Ross 128 b, with its red dwarf host star in the background. The planet is only 11 light years away from our solar system. It is now the second closest temperate planet to be detected, after Proxima b.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

WASP-121b, 880 light-years away, is considered a hot Jupiter-like planet. It has a greater mass and radius than Jupiter, which makes it “bloated”. If WASP-121b were closer to its host star, it would be torn apart by the star’s gravity.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope team has identified 219 other candidate planets, 10 of which are close to Earth in size and in the habitable zone of their stars.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This artist’s concept shows OGLE-2016-BLG-1195Lb, a planet orbiting an incredibly faint star 13,000 light-years away from us. It is an “ice ball” planet with temperatures reaching minus -400 degrees Fahrenheit.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

LHS 1140b is located in the habitable zone of liquid water surrounding its host star, a small faint red star called LHS 1140. The planet weighs approximately 6.6 times the mass of Earth and is shown passing in front of LHS 1140. Depicted in blue is the atmosphere that the planet may have maintained.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

Conceptual image by an artist of the surface of the exoplanet TRAPPIST-1f. Of the seven exoplanets discovered orbiting the ultracool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1, this may be the most suitable for life. It’s similar in size to Earth, it’s a little colder than Earth’s temperature, and it’s in the star’s habitable zone, meaning liquid water (and even oceans) could be on the surface. The proximity of the star gives the sky a salmon hue and the other planets are so close that they appear in the sky, just like our moon.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

The artistic conception of the binary system with three giant planets discovered, where one star hosts two planets and the other hosts the third. The system represents the smallest separator track in which both stars host planets that has ever been observed.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This artist’s impression shows the planet Proxima b orbiting the red dwarf star Proxima Centauri, the closest star to our solar system.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

An artist’s rendering shows Earth-sized exoplanets TRAPPIST-1b and 1c in a rare double-transit event as they pass in front of their ultracold red dwarf star, which allowed Hubble to get a glimpse of their atmospheres.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

From a new discovery of 104 exoplanets, astronomers have found four Earth-like in size orbiting a dwarf star. Two of them have the potential to sustain life. The aircraft depicted in this illustration is NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope, which has helped confirm the existence of thousands of exoplanets.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This artist’s impression shows a close-up view of the HD 131399 three-star system to the giant planet orbiting the system. Located around 320 light years from Earth, the planet is around 16 million years old, which also makes it one of the youngest exoplanets discovered to date.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

An artistic impression of the planet Kepler-1647b, which is nearly identical to Jupiter in both size and mass. The planet should be more or less similar in appearance. But it’s much warmer: Kepler-1647b is in the habitable zone.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

HD-106906b is a gaseous planet 11 times more massive than Jupiter. The planet is believed to have formed in the center of its solar system before being sent flying to the edge of the region by a violent gravitational event.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

Kepler-10b orbits at a distance 20 times closer to its star than Mercury is to our sun. Daytime temperatures exceed 1,300 degrees Celsius (2,500 degrees Fahrenheit), which is hotter than lava flows on Earth.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This Jupiter-like planet in the HD-188753 system, 149 light-years from Earth, has three suns. The main star is similar in mass to our Sun. The system has been compared to Luke Skywalker’s home planet, Tatooine, in “Star Wars”.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

Kepler-421b is a transiting Uranus-sized exoplanet with the longest known year, circling its star once every 704 days. The planet orbits an orange K-type star that is colder and fainter than our Sun and is located about 1,000 light-years from Earth in the constellation of Lyra.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

Astronomers have discovered two planets smaller than three times the size of Earth orbiting sun-like stars in a crowded star cluster about 3,000 light-years from Earth in the constellation of Cygnus.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This artist’s conception shows a hypothetical planet with two moons orbiting in the habitable zone of a red dwarf star. Most of the closest stellar neighbors to the sun are red dwarfs.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

Kepler-186f was the first validated Earth-sized planet found orbiting a distant star in the habitable zone. This zone is located at a distance from a star where liquid water could accumulate on the planet’s surface.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

Kepler-69c is a super-terrestrial-sized planet similar to Venus. The planet is located in the habitable zone of a star like our sun, about 2,700 light years from Earth in the constellation of Cygnus.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

The Kepler-444 system formed when the Milky Way was only 2 billion years old. The dense system is home to five planets of varying sizes, the smallest being comparable to the size of Mercury and the largest to Venus, which orbit their sun in less than 10 days.

Weird and wonderful planets beyond our solar system

This artistic conceptual image compares the Earth, on the left, with Kepler-452b, which is about 60% larger. Both planets orbit a G2-type star of approximately the same temperature; however, the star that hosts Kepler-452b is 6 billion years old – 1.5 billion years older than our sun.


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