Coaches accused of falsely presenting potential students when athletes were fired or dismissed from their universities, and schools are examining registered students to confirm that no one else was involved.
But it remains to be seen what will happen to the students themselves. According to the criminal affidavit, some students were aware of the scam, but others had no idea.
Will students be expelled or allowed to continue attending school? What repercussions will they face if there are any?
CNN talked to two college admissions experts and higher education laws about the potential outcome for students whose parents pulled together to get them into prestigious universities.
Here's what they had to say.
The fates of the students will be determined "case by case"
Christine Helwick, the former general counsel for the California State University system, said that "there is no right solution "when it comes to the future of these students.
"It will have to be a case-by-case determination," he said.
If it turns out that a student has cheated an exam like the SAT or lied about his application for school enrollment, their fate will depend on where they were in the application process and whether they were already enrolled or graduated when Deception was discovered, Helwick said.
If you have already graduated, Helwick said you doubt a school could revoke a degree.
Universities face the most difficult decisions for students who are still enrolled, Helwick said, and said that schools should check whether these students were aware of the betrayal or whether it was done by their parents behind the back of the student.
Ed Boland, former admissions officer at Yale University and author of his memorial, "The Battle for Room 31
Those who knew it had to be expelled, says the expert
According to the criminal affidavit, not all students were aware of the scams organized by their parents. At the moment no one scandalizes the students
Two students the affidavit says they are aware of are the daughters of Elizabeth and Manuel Henriquez, accused of paying hundreds of thousands of dollars and favors as part of the scam. The affidavit says their daughters actively participated. CNN contacted Henriquezes for comment.
According to the affidavit, a proctor, who had been paid to sit next to Henriquezes' eldest daughter and provide answers during the exam, "gloated" with her and her mother "on the fact that they had cheated and they left. "
In the cases of students who were Boland he said that such behavior justifies the "immediate expulsion", adding that the universities must show to all those who do not tolerate scamming the admission process.
"This scandal is undermining public confidence in this process," he said, "and schools must act firmly and quickly to show the public that they are as alarmed as the public is."
When asked if it was credible that some students did not know of the scam, Boland said he thought he was. If fewer people were involved in the process, he said, it would have been easier to control them.
For example, according to affidavit, a student who had been admitted to the University of Southern California as a track athlete had no idea of the arrangement and was surprised when his guidance counselor asked him about the track.
Boland also pointed out that many students would not want to "benefit from this despite their parents' wishes".
Helwick was not necessarily in agreement, pointing out that the alleged scam involved betrayed SAT or ACT, or that he was presented as a potential athlete for a team they had no intention of playing.
"It is difficult to imagine that a student is unaware of any of these," he said.
Could they have a second chance?
Both Helwick and Boland indicated that students could have a chance of redemption, as appropriate.
Some schools might be willing to check whether the students in question had so far demonstrated whether they could support the institute for their merits, according to Helwick, to decide if they would be allowed to stay.
"How far have they progressed?" she asked. "How well did they do it? Did they prove to be really capable of performing at a level of someone who entered normal circumstances?"
A student might otherwise be asked to leave the university and attend another institution to prove their academic merit alone, Boland said, which is "a very common practice", often for a student who might have failed or celebrated too much and don't take your education seriously enough.
And, Helwick said, "community colleges are available for all types of people".
Melanie Schuman and Mark Morales of CNN contributed to this report.