Jaws and other senior health officials will testify to Congress for the second time in a week.
Four of the leading health officials in the United States, including dr. Anthony Fauci, will testify to Congress on Tuesday about the coronavirus, which is spreading with increasing ferocity in at least 30 states.
The hearing of the Senate Health and Education Committee was defined as an “update on progress towards safe return to work and back to school.” But officials will likely have to deal with an inverse idea as a group of states stop or reverse plans to reopen.
Dr. Fauci, the nation’s top infectious disease expert, will be joined by Dr. Robert R. Redfield, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Dr. Stephen M. Hahn, commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration; and Admiral Brett P. Giroir, assistant health secretary.
In an interview on Monday, Dr. Redfield’s deputy, Dr. Anne Schuchat, had an even harsher assessment of the virus: “This really is the beginning,” he told the Journal of the American Medical Association.
His comments came not long after Kayleigh McEnany, the White House press secretary, downplayed the cases, saying “We are aware that there are embers that need to be blown out.”
Schuchat also rejected the idea, promoted earlier this year by President Trump and others, that the heat of summer could slow down the infection rate. “In terms of time or season that help us, I don’t think we can count on that,” he said.
With new cases on the rise in many parts of the country, at least a dozen states and cities are pulling back on reopening plans.
In Arizona, where the number of cases is skyrocketing, Governor Doug Ducey has suspended operations of bars, gyms, cinemas and water parks for 30 days and has banned internal and external public events or meetings of 50 or more people.
In Florida, where the number of cases per day hit records over the weekend, the city of Jacksonville said Monday that masks would be required in any public indoor location where social distancing was not possible. The city will host the Republican National Convention in August.
The number of cases has risen sharply in many of the states that were the first to reopen, including Florida and Texas, which recently forced bars to close again.
After an uncertain start three months ago, the United States government’s relief program for small businesses is running out of money.
The salary protection program is expected to end Tuesday after providing $ 520 billion in loans designed to preserve workers’ jobs during the pandemic. But as new outbreaks spread across the country and force many states to rethink their plans to reopen businesses, the program is closing with over $ 130 billion still in its coffers.
“The fact that he has been able to get so far in the small business sector is an important achievement, and those things deserve to be recognized and celebrated,” said John Lettieri, CEO of Economic Innovation Group, a think tank focused on ‘entrepreneurship. “But we’re still in a public health crisis.”
The a hastily constructed and often chaotic aid program, run by the Small Business Administration but implemented through banks, has distributed money to nearly five million businesses nationwide, giving them low interest loans to cover around two and a half months of their typical staff costs. Those who use most of the money to pay their employees can forgive their debt.
The program appears to have helped prevent the nation’s incredible job losses from worsening. Recruitments rebounded more than expected in May, as companies in some of the hardest-hit industries, especially restaurants, restored millions of jobs by recalling the laid-off workers and hiring new ones.
Lenders cited two main reasons why money remained. First, most of the eligible companies who wanted a loan were able to get one. (The program limited each applicant to only one loan.) In addition, the complicated and changing requirements of the program deterred some qualified borrowers, who feared they would not be able to obtain the forgiven loan.
Most infected people don’t pass on coronavirus to anyone else. But a small number passes it on to many others in so-called cover events.
“You can think of throwing a match at ignition,” said Ben Althouse, a scientist at the Institute for Disease Modeling in Bellevue, Wash. “You throw a match, it may not turn on the ignition. You throw another game, it may not turn on the ignition. But then a game hits in the right place and suddenly the fire ignites.”
Understand why some matches ignite while many others won’t be crucial to stem the pandemic, scientists say. They are trying to answer three questions: who are the superscoverers? When does superscovering take place? And where?
Biological factors may be part of the answer, but some doctors suspect that circumstances play a more important role.
They found that a lot of transmission appears to occur in a span of time starting a few days after infection, even before symptoms emerge. If there aren’t many people around them during that window, they can’t do it.
And some places seem to lend themselves to overcoming. A crowded bar, for example, is full of people talking loudly. Each of them could emit viruses without ever coughing. And without good ventilation, viruses can linger in the air for hours.
Scientists are optimistic that it could be possible to avoid crippling and crippling blockades by targeting cover events.
“By reducing activities in a small part of our lives, we could actually reduce most of the risk,” said Adam Kucharski, an epidemiologist at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
Just a few weeks ago, thousands of Southern Californians were flocking to the beaches, Disneyland was announcing that it would soon reopen, and Whoopi Goldberg was praising Governor Gavin Newsom on “The View” for state progress in the fight against coronavirus. The worst, many thought in California, was behind them.
In fact, an alarming rise in up-and-down state cases was just beginning.
In the last week California’s case count exploded, surpassing 220,000 known infections and forcing Mr. Newsom to restore the state’s reopening in some counties. Monday said the number of people hospitalized in California has increased 43% in the past two weeks. More than 7,000 new cases were announced across California on Monday, the highest one-day total of the pandemic.
Los Angeles County, which averaged over 2,000 new cases each day, surpassed 100,000 total cases on Monday, with the virus actively infecting one in 140 people, according to local health officials. More than 2,800 cases were announced in the county on Monday, most days during the pandemic.
On Sunday, Mr. Newsom closed bars in half a dozen counties, including Los Angeles County and Central Valley, and recommended that eight other counties voluntarily close their nightclubs and hangouts. And Disneyland has canceled its decision to open its doors.
California was there first state to close and one of the most aggressive in the fight against the virus. But the state that has been so proactive in the fight against the spread of coronavirus is now forced to wonder what went wrong.
“To some extent I think our luck is over,” said Dr. Bob Wachter, professor and president of the medical department of the University of California, San Francisco. “This is faster and worse than I expected.”
The pandemic is now advancing much of the vast Russian hinterland, but this did not dampen the Kremlin’s determination to hold a national vote on constitutional amendments which, among other things, would leave President Vladimir V. Putin in power until 2036.
With Moscow apparently on the worst of the epidemic, Putin has declared victory over the virus and has mobilized enormous resources to ensure that the referendum, already postponed once, continues, no matter what happens. The vote officially started last Thursday, but the big day is Wednesday, which has been declared a national holiday in the hope that more people will vote.
The number of new infections is actually decreasing in Russia, but this is mainly the result of a sharp decline in new infections in Moscow, the initial epicenter of the pandemic in the country.
The situation outside the capital seems very different. Last week, the pandemic entered its worst phase so far in a diverse range of Russian regions, including the Republic of Tyva on the border with Mongolia and the Republic of Karachay-Cherkessia, an isolated area in the Northern Caucasus.
Nonetheless, local authorities have largely followed the example of Moscow, which suffered a severe blockade in late March, but has now lifted most of the restrictions.
In other news from around the world:
A group that supports the central banks of the world he warned that markets have become too complacent in the face of the pandemic. The Bank for International Settlement said Tuesday that the success of central banks “has even helped to spark some market exuberance.”
Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India it announced Tuesday that over 800 million citizens will receive free food aid during the fall, in a move intended to mitigate the difficulties for people affected by the coronavirus. Modi also said that the country’s restrictions on coronavirus, which were put in place for the first time in late March, will be further eased this week. Modi said the poorest Indians will receive around 11 pounds of rice and two pounds of chickpeas every month until November.
After a wave of cases in the past two weeks, Leicester, a city of 340,000 inhabitants in the center England, will face tougher restrictions and will not join the rest of the country when its blockade is released on Saturday, officials said.
Australia, which showed the first signs of coronavirus extinction, is now fighting spikes in its second most populous state, Victoria, leading authorities to announce blockades in the greater Melbourne area starting Wednesday night. Victoria recorded 60 new cases on Tuesday, her 14th consecutive day of double-digit increases. Australia, with a population of 25 million, reported only seven cases in other states on Tuesday.
In the sign of Britain re-emerging cultural life, the National Gallery announced Tuesday that it will reopen on July 8, becoming the first of the country’s major museums to do so. The Barbican will follow on July 13, the Royal Academy on July 16 and the Tate Modern and Tate Britain art museums on July 27. The announcements come weeks after museums reopen in Germany, Italy and other European countries. Although museums in Britain may reopen starting on Saturday, many are taking a more cautious approach. The British Museum has not yet announced a reopening date.
A swine flu virus in China shows the “hallmarks” of a potential pandemic, according to a study.
A new strain of the H1N1 swine flu virus circulating in China should be “urgently” checked to avoid another pandemic, a team of scientists says in a new study.
H1N1 is highly transmissible and spread worldwide in 2009, killing around 285,000 people and turning into seasonal flu. The new strain, known as G4 EA H1N1, has been common in Chinese pig farms since 2016 and efficiently replicates in the human airways, according to the study.
So far, the virus has infected some people without causing disease, but health experts fear that this could change without warning.
“It may be that with the further change of the virus it could become more aggressive in people as SARS-CoV-2 did,” said Ian H. Brown, who heads the virology department at the British Animal Health Agency and plants and examined the study before it was published. SARS-CoV-2 is the scientific name for the new coronavirus.
For the study, published online in the Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, researchers took blood samples from hundreds of workers in pig farms in China from 2016 to 2018. Over 10 percent of workers tested positive for G4 EA H1N1 virus and workers from aged between 18 and 35 tested positive at a rate of over 20 percent.
The study said that Eurasian variations of H1N1 have been circulating in pigs in Europe and Asia for decades, but the incidence of so-called G4 viruses in Chinese farm pigs with respiratory symptoms began to grow rapidly after 2014.
“G4 viruses have all the essential characteristics of a pandemic virus candidate,” said the study, adding that control of spread in pigs and careful monitoring of human populations “should be implemented urgently.”
The study was a collaboration between government agencies in China, the World Health Organization and scientists from universities in China and Great Britain.
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The report was provided by Livia Albeck-Ripka, Stacy Cowley, Thomas Fuller, Abby Goodnough, Andrew Higgins, Shawn Hubler, Mike Ives, Cao Li, Iliana Magra, Alex Marshall, Patricia Mazzei, Ivan Nechepurenko, Kai Schultz, Jeanna Smialek, Noah Weiland, Elizabeth Williamson and Carl Zimmer.