The government of Costa Rica issued a health or health alert on Monday due to the increase in the number of imported malaria cases reported by Nicaragua, Panama and parts of South America and the United States. Africa, according to a Nacion report (translated from the computer).
According to Daniel Salas, director of the Department of Health Surveillance of the Ministry of Health, between January and May of this year, the first 11 patients were registered , but in a week there were ten new cases, which motivated to redouble their efforts.
To date, Costa Rica has reported 21 cases of malaria, all imported. Most of these cases are observed in the northern area, mainly in Santa Rosa de Pocosol, Los Chiles and Pital.
"Our country is prepared for a proper treatment and diagnosis, the alarm seeks to be more aggressive with the early diagnosis, in" To prevent cases from spreading, "said Giselle Amador, Minister of Health
Malaria or malaria is a tropical disease caused by the Plasmodium parasite It is transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito In Costa Rica the Plasmodium vivax strain is the main one, but there have also been cases of Plasmodium falciparum, a strain more Aggressive, which acts faster
The parasite enters the liver and migrates into the blood, where it infects the red blood cells.It can cause very high fever, chills and anemia.The first symptoms suddenly arise
In the most severe cases, it destroys the blood cells and damages the circulation, the liver and the kidneys and therefore causes death.