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As New York officials on Thursday hastily rolled out a targeted lockdown to eliminate rising rates of positive coronavirus test results, chaos, confusion and tension have erupted as restrictions are closing schools and businesses and severely limiting attendance to places of worship.
There were competing hot spot maps, issued by New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio and then Governor Andrew M. Cuomo, which overlapped and contradicted each other. The schools and businesses that had to be closed on one map weren’t on the other. The city, where the rules went into effect Thursday in parts of Brooklyn and Queens, made a searchable online address database available so New Yorkers could determine which area they were in.
Two lawsuits were also filed on Thursday, one by an Orthodox Jewish group and the other by the Roman Catholic diocese of Brooklyn, to prevent the state from enforcing the governor’s restrictions on places of worship.
The lawsuits came after ultra-Orthodox Jews in Brooklyn’s Borough Park neighborhood this week lit masks and attacked an Orthodox journalist who documented local resistance to social distancing.
And in other Brooklyn neighborhoods such as Bensonhurst and Windsor Terrace, parents have mobilized against sudden school closures.
The targeted block, which has been in place for two weeks, divides the virus hotspots into three color-coded zones red, orange or yellow, with non-essential activities in the most affected areas that need to close. Restaurants and bars in a red zone, which has the strictest rules, can only offer takeaway and delivery, just like in spring. Houses of worship are limited to just 10 people, a number that coincides with the minimum requirements for a Jewish prayer service.
After two weeks, Mr. de Blasio said Thursday that the city would work with the state to reassess if longer hours were needed.
“This is a turnaround that, if we do it right, could only take a few weeks,” said Mr de Blasio on Thursday. “If we don’t do it right, it could last a lot longer.”
Today we set clear boundaries for areas where we see high positivity: The Cluster Action Initiative.
The locations will be ranked in red, orange or yellow, based on proximity to the cluster.
The severity of the problem will determine the answer. pic.twitter.com/707FYGHB0g
– Andrew Cuomo (@NYGovCuomo) 6 October 2020
The city closed 61 public school sites on Thursday, he said; in total, 153 locations had been closed in the red and orange zones.
Earlier this week, Governor Andrew M. Cuomo announced that schools in nine postcodes in Brooklyn and Queens were to be closed for in-person education on Tuesday. But when the state released an updated guide, some of those schools fell into yellow zones, where schools can remain open. Mr. de Blasio said Thursday that 16 schools in those areas will remain closed for now.
“We will also keep those schools closed because the city basically believes that those schools should be closed as part of the overall strategy,” the mayor said.
City hall officials were baffled by the governor’s new maps and frustrated by their lack of clarity, but grateful that he agreed to do something, a de Blasio administration official said. But the map files that the state had provided to the city were flawed, two city officials said, with some geographic boundaries not matching the streets, leaving people guessing if their schools or shops should close.
Restrictions: major Minor
Restrictions: major Minor
Restrictions: major Minor
Robert Mujica, the governor’s budget director and member of his coronavirus task force, said city officials are simply shocked that the governor’s office guessed them and that they should have worked with the state earlier in the process. .
“Their plan was to put it into action on Wednesday,” Mujica said. “We, having no information on this until Sunday afternoon, worked around the clock to manage their timeline and get the maps drawn in a way that really made sense.”
The rules also became the subject of litigation on Thursday, as an Orthodox Jewish group and the Roman Catholic Diocese of Brooklyn sought to block the application of capacity restrictions in places of worship.
“This week’s executive orders left us with no choice but to go to court,” Nicholas DiMarzio, bishop of Brooklyn, said in a statement, adding that it was “an insult to once again penalize all those who safe to go back to work at church. “
Mr. de Blasio also said the seven-day average rate of positive test results for the virus was 1.56 percent, slightly lower than the rate reported Wednesday.
Throughout the state, the daily positivity rate was 1.26%, Mr. Cuomo said, adding that hospitalizations have increased from the previous day, to 754.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said Thursday that he had avoided the White House since mid-summer due to concerns that officials were not taking precautions to protect themselves from the spread of the coronavirus.
“My impression was that their approach to how to handle the situation was different from mine and what I insisted we do in the Senate, which is to wear a mask and practice social distancing,” McConnell told reporters.
The Kentucky Republican said he hasn’t visited the White House since Aug.6, when he met with President Trump to discuss the state of negotiations on additional stimulus legislation.
The decision appears to have been cautious now that the White House has become a virus hotspot, with Trump the most important one to test positive for the virus and contract Covid-19, the disease.
More than a dozen White House guests and employees, including two Republican Senate McConnell colleagues, have been infected after attending an event Trump held last month to announce his Supreme Court candidate, Judge Amy Coney Barrett. . Mr. McConnell, who is leading the campaign to confirm Judge Barrett, was notably absent from the largely unmasked group meeting.
The majority leader did not specifically comment on Judge Barrett’s appointment ceremony.
While he has closely aligned with Mr. Trump politically, Mr. McConnell has consistently adopted a different and more sobering tone when talking about the virus. He publicly urged Americans to wear masks, repeatedly warned that the pandemic’s grip will be long, and said he believed a vaccine would not be widely available until next year.
“It’s not over,” Mr. McConnell said again on Thursday. “We’ll have to work on it.”
The antibody cocktail for Covid-19 that President Trump touted Wednesday afternoon was developed with cells originally derived from fetal tissue, a practice his administration has decided to limit.
In June 2019, the Trump administration suspended federal funding for most of the new scientific research involving fetal tissue derived from abortions.
“Promoting the dignity of human life from conception to natural death is one of President Trump’s administration’s top priorities,” the Department of Health and Human Services said in a statement in 2019, around the time of the ban.
“Intramural research that requires re-acquisition of fetal tissue from elective abortions will not be conducted,” the statement added.
Mr. Trump last week received Regeneron’s monoclonal antibody cocktail, essentially, antibodies synthesized in living cells and administered to help the body fight infection.
To develop the antibodies, Regeneron relied on 293T, a cell line derived from the kidney tissue of an aborted fetus in the 1970s. At least two companies vying to make coronavirus vaccines, Moderna and AstraZeneca, are also using the cell line.
Remdesivir, an antiviral drug received by Mr. Trump, was also tested using these cells.
“293T was used to test the ability of antibodies to neutralize the virus,” said Alexandra Bowie, a spokeswoman for Regeneron. “They were not used in any other way and the fetal tissue was not used in research.”
In a video released Wednesday, Trump praised Regeneron’s treatment, calling it a “cure” for Covid-19 and promising to provide it for free to any patient who needs it. The company said Wednesday it had applied to the Food and Drug Administration for emergency use authorization.
The scientists noted that the evidence for the antibody cocktail is far from complete and that Mr. Trump is taking a variety of medications that may have explained why he said he was feeling better.
Dr Anthony S. Fauci, the leading national expert on infectious diseases, said that Mr Trump may be right that the treatment he received helped him in his fight against Covid-19, but that his case has it just doesn’t prove it.
“I think it’s a reasonably good chance that the antibody he received, the Regeneron antibody, made a significant positive difference in his course,” said Dr. Fauci, who is not involved in the president’s care, on Thursday. during an interview on MSNBC.
But he rejected Mr. Trump’s claim that the treatment has now proven to be a “cure” for the disease, which has so far killed more than 210,000 Americans.
The White House did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
In July, the International Society for Stem Cell Research sent a letter to the Human Fetal Tissue Research Ethics Advisory Board at the National Institutes of Health, urging the council to allow the use of fetal tissue to develop treatments for Covid-19 and for other diseases.
“Fetal tissue has unique and valuable properties that often cannot be replaced by other cell types,” the letter said.
In August, the board rejected 13 of the 14 proposals regarding fetal tissue. The approved proposal was based on fabric that had already been acquired.
William Foege, a famous epidemiologist and former director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said Thursday that President Trump and Vice President Mike Pence had “their knees on the neck of the public health community,” and called on the current C.D.C. director to resist them, even at the risk of being fired.
“Silence becomes complicity, and I think the only person who could have reversed the situation would be the director of the C.D.C.,” Dr. Foege, who has served Republican and Democratic presidents, said in an interview.
Dr. Foege, 84, helped lead the successful effort to eradicate smallpox in the 1970s and ran the C.D.C. under presidents Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan. It is considered a giant in the world of public health. Earlier this week, U.S.A. Today published a private letter he wrote to the current C.D.C. director, Dr. Robert R. Redfield, advising him to talk about administration failures.
In his first broad comments since then, Dr. Foege reiterated that sentiment, saying that in addition to being clean with the public, Dr. Redfield must work to support his beleaguered staff and restore the institution’s battered reputation.
“I think it would be on par with CDC employees and let them know what the White House actually did – partly it’s public – that they were willing to put things on the CDC website, that they would override the CDC recommendation,” he said. said Dr. Foege, adding, “If he said, ‘I’ll stay behind you for as long as I’m here’, and then if he’s fired he’s fired with his head held high.”
The White House rejected the agency’s initial plan to reopen the country and put pressure on the C.D.C. to minimize the risk of sending children back to school. More recently, on the website of the C.D.C. A controversial guide has been published that pulls back coronavirus tests to objections from career scientists.
And on Wednesday, the White House released an unusual letter written by Dr. Redfield guaranteeing Mr. Pence’s health before the vice president debate. Dr Foege said he was unaware of it, “but it sounds very manipulative.”
Dr. Foege suggested that Dr. Redfield was in a near-impossible situation, working for a president who declared all-out war on his agency and accused his scientists of being part of a “deep state” conspiracy against him.
“I like the man, and I’m impressed that he wants to do the right thing – that he’s not someone who is deliberately trying to do the wrong thing,” said Dr. Foege, adding, “but he’s with this large contingent of people. that he can’t resist a bully, and that’s something I don’t understand. “
Dr. Foege’s letter, dated September 23, opened by saying that he woke up every day thinking of the “terrible burden” on Dr. Redfield. On Thursday he said he wrote it out of the “frustration” that had “built up” and that he never intended for it to go public. In the interview, Dr. Foege said that he and Dr. Redfield had an exchange over the letter, although he refused to give details of their conversations.
Dr Redfield had no comment.
President Trump released another video message on Thursday, promising to make the experimental treatment he received for Covid-19 “immediately available” and “completely free”.
Mr. Trump turned to the video, which was taped outside the White House and posted on Twitter, to older Americans, who he called “my favorite people in the world.” Repeating a statement he made yesterday, the president referred to a treatment, which he did not name, as a “cure”.
There is still no known cure for the coronavirus.
Mr. Trump appeared to be referring to an antibody treatment developed by the pharmaceutical company Regeneron, which he was given in an emergency when he was in the hospital. That treatment is still in an advanced clinical trial stage. While early data was promising, experts said there is no way to know if they helped Trump.
Mr. Trump also reiterated the suggestion that the treatments may soon be cleared by the Food and Drug Administration for emergency use. He didn’t offer an explanation as to how he would make the drug free or how he intended to “give it to you soon”. However, Regeneron received over $ 500 million from the federal government to develop and manufacture its antibody therapy and, as part of that deal, it said it would be made available free to Americans.
On Wednesday, Regeneron said it had applied for emergency clearance for its treatments and said it had enough doses for 50,000 patients and would have enough for up to 300,000 people by the end of the year.
“We take care of our elders,” the president said. “You are not vulnerable, but they like to say” the vulnerable “, but you are the least vulnerable. But for this you are vulnerable, and so am I.”
Polls suggest Trump is struggling to win over older Americans, a crucial voting bloc for Republicans. Although he led Hillary Clinton by five points in the cohort in 2016, several polls this week show that the president is behind Joe Biden among these voters by at least 20 points.
Also on Thursday, Trump said he would not participate in a virtual debate, speaking to Fox Business Network minutes after the Presidential Debates Commission announced that the next debate would be virtual due to concerns about viruses. Bill Stepien, Trump’s campaign manager, he said in a statement that the commission’s decision was “pathetic” and that “President Trump will have published more negative tests before the debate, so there is no need for this unilateral statement.”
Mr. Stepien’s claim about Trump’s positive test next week is unfounded, because the virus is notoriously unpredictable.
The president also repeated appeals to hold China responsible for the pandemic. “We are making tremendous progress with this horrible disease that has been transmitted from China,” he said. “China will pay a great price for what it has done to the world and to us.”
Challenging the coronavirus rules in rural India is pushing the nation’s virus load to the top spot globally. Infections are spreading to every corner of this country of 1.3 billion people. The Indian media call it “The Rural Surge”.
In Indian megacities where the pandemic first hit, vigorous public awareness campaigns have left the population mostly on guard. But when it comes to government efforts to contain the virus, rural India is holding on.
In many villages, no one wears masks. There is no social distancing. People refuse to be tested and hide their sick people. Many believe the government is overestimating the severity of the pandemic and showing no sensitivity to the economic hardships they are experiencing.
This dynamic has helped India catch up with the United States in terms of total infections. According to a New York Times database, US cases are close to 7.6 million, compared with 6.8 million in India. But India outpaces new American cases by about 30,000 every day, potentially putting it in a position to overtake the United States in the coming weeks.
Officials say India’s workload is increasing as nearly a million tests are performed every day, five times the number a few months ago. They also indicate India’s relatively low death rate, about one eighth or ninth of that of the United States, Spain, Brazil and Great Britain.
Scientists say this is mainly due to the fact that India’s population is younger and leaner, although they warn that most deaths in India, from whatever cause, are not being investigated. And deaths in India are steadily increasing, by around 1,000 per day, to a total of around 105,000.
In other developments around the world:
On Wednesday, Brazil exceeded five million cases. The milestone came when the spread of the virus has been slowing for over a month – a finding that many public health experts believe has little to do with the government’s handling of the crisis, but rather with how much the virus has devastated the country. country. In the city of Manaus, in the state of Amazonas, one of the most severely affected by the virus, the number of cases has begun to increase, especially among young people, in recent weeks.
The United Nations The official overseeing the organization’s refugee relief operations self-isolates after testing positive for coronavirus. Filippo Grandi, the High Commissioner for Refugees, made his diagnosis known in a Twitter Wednesday post, saying he had mild symptoms and hoped to recover soon. In recent weeks, Mr. Grandi, 63, had traveled to Brussels, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. Stéphane Dujarric, a spokesman for the United Nations, told reporters on Thursday that “all close contacts have been informed about the High Commissioner’s situation” and that seven of them are also self-isolating.
The UK government is considering a tiered system that would tighten restrictions on pubs and restaurants in areas of England with the highest infection rates, according to the BBC and other media. A ban on overnight stays could also be introduced for the most affected areas, but schools would remain open. Despite local blockades in several cities in the north of England, the number of coronavirus cases in the country continued to rise, with Great Britain reporting an average of 13,000 new cases per day in the past week.
The European Union has signed an agreement with Gilead, the California-based pharmaceutical company, to ensure uninterrupted access to an antiviral drug used to treat Covid-19. Veklury, also known as remdesivir, has been authorized by more than 50 countries, including the United States and Europe, to treat patients with Covid-19 who need supplemental oxygen. The agreement signed between Gilead and the European Commission, the executive arm of the European Union, would allow all members of the European Union as well as the United Kingdom, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and several Balkan countries to purchase up to 500,000 courses in treatment in the next six months.
In Germany, the head of the federal institute responsible for monitoring the coronavirus warned Thursday that the country could soon witness an “uncontrolled” spread of the virus. “It is possible that we see more than 10,000 new cases a day,” official Lothar Wieler, who heads the Robert Koch Institute, said at a news conference. Germany recorded at least 4,000 new cases a day on Wednesday and has a daily average of at least 2,600 new cases in the past week, according to a New York Times database.
Hong KongHealth Secretary Sophia Chan said Thursday that the city is considering legal options for mandatory testing as it prepares for a new wave of coronavirus infections. He noted that research from the University of Hong Kong showed that the prevalence rate is increasing once again. On Thursday, Hong Kong reported 18 new coronavirus cases, 14 of which were transmitted locally.
The highest regional court in Madrid on Thursday overturned a blockade imposed by From Spain central government in the capital region. The court said that the central government does not have the jurisdiction to institute restrictions affecting fundamental rights and freedom of movement. The ruling represents a serious setback for the central government and highlights both political tensions and legal uncertainty in Spain over how to respond to the latest wave of virus cases.
Swedes pay some of the highest taxes in the world in exchange for extensive government services, including state-provided health care. Yet among the nearly 6,000 people whose deaths have been linked to the coronavirus in Svezia, 2.694, ovvero più del 45%, erano tra i cittadini più vulnerabili del paese, quelli che vivevano in case di cura. È in parte la storia dell’erosione della notoriamente generosa rete di sicurezza sociale svedese.
Giovedì il Dipartimento della Salute di El Paso ha segnalato 523 nuovi casi di Covid-19, un record per la città del Texas occidentale. La città ha anche riferito di quattro morti.
Ci sono 4.929 casi attivi di coronavirus a El Paso, la sesta città più grande del Texas. Dopo il calo all’inizio di agosto, i casi hanno iniziato a registrare un picco drammatico a metà settembre.
“Siamo profondamente preoccupati per le attuali tendenze in aumento che stiamo vivendo sul numero di casi positivi, ricoveri e decessi dovuti a COVID-19”, ha dichiarato giovedì il dottor Hector Ocaranza dell’Autorità sanitaria di El Paso in un comunicato stampa.
Un’analisi del New York Times a luglio sui modelli di maschere indossate negli Stati Uniti ha rilevato che i tassi di indossare maschere erano alti a El Paso in quel momento. Il sindaco della città, Dee Margo, un repubblicano, ha deciso di indossare una maschera in pubblico e la città ha emanato un mandato per la maschera a giugno.
Ma il comunicato stampa di giovedì ha citato la “stanchezza da virus” come probabile causa del picco, e ha esortato i residenti a rimanere vigili nel prendere precauzioni e isolarsi dopo una diagnosi.
“Senza un vaccino o un farmaco per curare la malattia”, ha detto il dottor Ocaranza, “spetta a ciascuno di noi fermare la diffusione della malattia”.
Il giorno prima, il vescovo Mark Seitz della diocesi cattolica di El Paso ha annunciato di essere risultato positivo al virus. Il vescovo ha detto che non aveva sintomi e che si sarebbe autoisolato per 10 giorni.
American Legion posts across the country provide veterans in need with financial and emotional support. The post in Wilmette, Ill., was like a community center, with Bingo and spaghetti nights.
After operating for more than a century, the Huerter-Wilmette Post 46 is now closing. The post was named after Peter Huerter, a local soldier who died during World War I of the Spanish flu while he was on his way to serve in France.
“Covid complicated everything,” said Michael Jonscher, 58, a Navy veteran and the current adjutant of Wilmette’s Post 46.
With dwindling numbers, members of the post had been planning to merge with another nearby, but the pandemic has made the goodbye more painful. “We are afraid to even get together,” said Mr. Jonscher. “That’s where the gut punch is.”
In the 1970s, the post had more than 400 members; today there are fewer than 50, said Andrew Haszlakiewicz, 74, a Vietnam veteran and the post’s commander.
But Mr. Haszlakiewicz said he is hopeful that through the merger with Morton Grove Post 134, which has 1,000 members, the Wilmette group will be able to hold some of their cherished traditions, such as the Nov. 11 Veterans Day ceremony — in a socially distant manner, of course.
The French authorities are tightening virus restrictions in a growing number of big cities as cases rise and hospitals come under increasing strain.
The Paris and Marseille regions have already been placed on the country’s highest alert level, which requires the closure of all bars, gyms and clubs for at least two weeks. Classrooms and universities are limited to half capacity and restaurants can only remain open if they follow a strict health protocol.
“Unfortunately, the health situation continues to deteriorate in France,” Olivier Véran, France’s health minister, said on Thursday as he announced that four cities — Lille, Grenoble, Lyon and Saint-Etienne — also would be placed on maximum alert as of Saturday.
France is bracing itself for a return to restrictions that were put into place when the virus first hit the country, although there have been protests against the idea in the south of the country. According to a survey published on Sept. 26 by IFOP, one of France’s leading polling firms, 72 percent of French citizens would be in favor of a new, nationwide lockdown.
France reported a record daily count of more than 18,700 new cases on Wednesday, according to a Times database, and Covid-19 patients now occupy a quarter of intensive care unit beds nationwide, said Aurélien Rousseau, the head of the health authority for the Paris region.
In total, there have been nearly 654,00 coronavirus cases in France, and almost 32,500 people have died, the Times database shows.
On Thursday, hospitals in the Paris region activated emergency measures that were used previously in March and April to cope with an influx of patients. The efforts involved postponing non-urgent surgeries and calling staff members back from leave.
Rousseau said that enacting such measures was “an important decision” that “means that we are going to face a very strong wave, and that we have to put all forces into the battle.”
Mark Meadows, the White House chief of staff, hosted his daughter’s wedding indoors in Atlanta in defiance of state and municipal guidelines that at the time limited gatherings to 10 people or less.
The wedding, held at the Biltmore Ballrooms in May, was first reported Thursday by The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. It took place early in the pandemic, as Americans were canceling or postponing weddings and other long-planned gatherings to comply with public health restrictions aimed at slowing the spread of the virus.
Photographs from the May 31 event, posted online, show no masks or distancing among the crowds.
In one image, a 21-member wedding party poses with the newlyweds and Mr. Meadows and his wife, Debbie, are shown during the recessional walking together down a petal-strewn aisle while 50 people seated closely together watch.
Mr. Meadows declined to comment on the wedding.
Mike Moon, a photographer for Ember Studio, which photographed the event, said in an interview Thursday that people who worked to put the wedding on wore masks but most of the guests did not.
None of the photographs posted in the online wedding album show any guests wearing masks.
During a mid-September briefing with reporters outside the White House, Mr. Meadows said, “If that’s the way that we open back our economy and get everybody back to work, I will gladly wear my mask each and every day if that’s what makes the difference. And it doesn’t.”
Maggie Haberman contributed reporting.
Across the country, millions of first-year students are arriving on college campuses during a pandemic. That means classes conducted mostly online, dinners in dorm rooms and difficulty getting to know professors and peers. Some look forward to fleeting moments to be with others, like elevator rides. Others force themselves to take walks to be sure they see sunlight.
Among them is Elle Fleenor, who hunkered down for two weeks of quarantine when she arrived on the campus of Butler University in Indianapolis. She attended orientation and lectures on Zoom, picked up food from the dining hall to eat in her room and barely interacted with anyone beyond her dorm building’s walls.
Ms. Fleenor, a first-year student from Scottsburg, Ind., knew she wouldn’t have the college experience she had imagined. But she wasn’t prepared for how the precautions her school was taking to slow the spread of the coronavirus would complicate her efforts to make friends, and how isolated that would make her feel.
“It’s been very hard, very lonesome,” Ms. Fleenor said. “As a freshman, being hit with all this is extremely difficult.”
The first semester of college is challenging even in normal times, as students get used to being away from home, their families and lifelong friends. This year, psychologists and other experts fear that the necessary precautions taken by colleges and universities, many of them coronavirus hot spots, will increase the loneliness and isolation.
“We’re receiving recommendations and restrictions aimed at limiting the spread of the virus that also limit our ability to connect with others,” said Julianne Holt-Lunstad, a professor of psychology and neuroscience at Brigham Young University.
The state of Hawaii is preparing to loosen some of the strict pandemic restrictions that have hammered its tourism industry, including the requirement that arriving travelers spend 14 days in quarantine.
Starting on Oct. 15, travelers will be allowed to skip the quarantine if they can show a negative virus test result from an approved source, taken no more than 72 hours before arrival. The pre-travel testing program had been set to begin over the summer, but was postponed when the virus surged on the islands.
Travelers who do not want to be tested can still opt to quarantine instead, raising concerns that untested travelers could infect tested passengers on flights to the islands.
A negative test is not a guarantee of lack of infection: It can take several days after exposure for the amount of virus in an infected person’s body to rise high enough to produce a positive result. The state said it would randomly test 10 percent of incoming passengers four days after arrival to assess the plan’s effectiveness.
Hawaii has reported more than 13,000 cases of the virus, and more than 160 deaths, according to a New York Times database. The state will continue to require wearing a mask in public, and some inter-island travel will remain restricted.
The new measures are meant to help revive the state’s tourism industry, which makes up about a quarter of its economy. The Hawaii Tourism Authority reported in August that travel to the islands the previous month was down almost 98 percent compared with the same month in 2019.
“It’s important that people know we welcome them as long as they’ve gotten their test,” Lt. Gov. Josh Green told The Associated Press. Mr. Green, an emergency room doctor, is heading the new testing program. He recently recovered from Covid-19.
Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the nation’s leading expert on infectious diseases, said that President Trump might be right that the experimental treatment he received and promoted has helped him in his fight with Covid-19 — but that his case alone doesn’t prove it.
“I think it’s a reasonably good chance that the antibody that he received, the Regeneron antibody, made a significant difference in a positive way in his course,” Dr. Fauci, who is not involved in the president’s care, said on Thursday during an interview on MSNBC.
He pushed back against Mr. Trump’s claim that the treatment has now been shown to be a “cure” for the disease, which has killed more than 210,000 Americans so far.
“When you have only one, you can’t make the determination that that’s a cure,” he said. “You have to do a clinical trial involving a large number of individuals, compared either to a placebo or another intervention.”
The manufacturer, Regeneron, has applied to the Food and Drug Administration for emergency approval of the experimental treatment, a cocktail of monoclonal antibodies.
Mr. Trumped received the Regeneron cocktail on Friday after he announced that he had tested positive for coronavirus. He has also received other treatments that are used for patients with severe cases of Covid-19, including remdesivir and dexamethasone.
In a five-minute video on Wednesday, Mr. Trump said that it was a “blessing from God” that he had been infected with the coronavirus and that the Regeneron cocktail had suddenly made him feel better. “I felt incredible,” he said. “I felt good immediately.”
The president said he would make sure that hundreds of thousands of doses would be available to Americans soon, free of charge, and he gave the impression that he would push the F.D.A. to approve the treatment. The company, however, has said that access to the treatment would be extremely limited at first, with only enough doses for 50,000 patients.
The president’s true condition is unclear. The White House doctor overseeing his care, Dr. Sean P. Conley, has admitted that he misled the public when Mr. Trump was hospitalized at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center.
In the televised interview, Dr. Fauci said it was known that a Covid-19 patient can feel good one day and go downhill quickly the next.
“The chances of that happening? I don’t know,” Dr. Fauci said of Mr. Trump’s case. “As good as he looks, I don’t think that’s going to happen, but I don’t know.”
Earlier in the week, in a virtual event for Cornell University, his alma mater, Dr. Fauci spoke about the dangers of sending the public conflicting signals on important health issues like new treatments for Covid-19.
“I try to, the best of my ability, in being very consistent in my messaging based on facts and scientific data,” Dr. Fauci said, according to The Cornell Daily Sun. “But when there are mixed messages coming out of any institution, including the federal government, there is confusion as to what people should do.”
He added, “Personally contradicting the president of the United States publicly is not a good thing if I want to get my job done.”