Prime Minister Edouard Philippe said the government was deploying 89,000 troops across France – including 8,000 in the capital – in case the demonstrations became violent again.
Many of the famous sites of the capital – including the Louvre, the Eiffel Tower, the Musée Delacroix and the Paris Opera – will close the weekend in advance of the protests organized by the "gilet jaunes" or "yellow vests" "Movement: Their name derives from the high visibility yellow jackets that drivers must keep in their vehicles for safety reasons.
There were also four accidental deaths, according to officials.Three of them are the result of road accidents related to the blocks and the fourth was an 80-year-old woman who he died in Marseille after being hit by a tear gas canister that came out of his window.
The demonstrations began as a form of basic opposition to the increase of gas prices and expected tax increases on polluting forms of transport, but have since evolved into broader demonstrations against President Emmanuel Macron's government.
Macron seemed to back off Wednesday, announcing that fuel taxes would not be introduced in 201
Maxime Nicolle, a member of the jaunes gilet, told CNN: "I'm absolutely not backing down, the moratorium is useless, people want a referendum, a referendum on Macron, the senate and the national assembly ".
Many of those who protested were people who moved from Paris and into the suburbs because of rising real estate prices. Suburban protesters, such as those from rural areas, argue that they are disproportionately affected by the gas tax, now shelved, since they rely on petrol and cars much more than city dwellers.
Since mid-November, 1,648 people have been injured in total, including 552 police officers, the Ministry of Internal Affairs said. More than 1,600 people were interrogated and 1,387 were arrested.
Small retailers, hotels and restaurants have all seen their revenue decrease as a result of the protests, according to the French Ministry of Finance.
While mass protests are common in France, they are usually organized top-down by the country's powerful unions. In contrast, the jaune su goose protests began as a grassroots movement that emerged online, with Facebook events created by citizens mostly from rural areas who are struggling to make ends meet.
Dominique Moisi, a foreign policy expert at the Institut Montaigne and a former adviser to the Macron campaign, told CNN that the French presidency was not only in crisis, but also the future of Europe he was poised.
"In a few months there will be European elections, and France should be the bearer of European hope and progress. What happens if it is no longer? If the president is unable to bring that message?"
"It concerns the future of democracy, even illiberal democracies are growing all over the world and if Macron fails, the future of France is likely to appear as the presidency of today's Italy and is much more serious because we have a centralized state that plays an important role in the balance of power in Europe
"But make no mistake, it's a French version of a much more global phenomenon."
Saskya Vandoorne of CNN reported from Paris and Joshua Berlinger wrote from Hong Kong, Sandrine Amiel and Leslie Perrot from CNN contributed to this report.