The Orion Nebula is 1,500 light years from Earth and is located at Belt of Orion in the constellation of Orion. It is one of the brightest nebulae and on a clear, dark night it is visible to the naked eye. The nebula is the closest star-forming region to Earth.
The Hubble Space Telescope was launched from the space shuttle Discovery on April 24, 1
Hubble has provided us with many images of our neighbor Mars. This image was taken in 2003 when Mars came closer in nearly 60,000 years. On August 27, 2003, the two worlds were only 34.6 million miles apart from center to center. In contrast, Mars can be approximately 249 million miles from Earth.
Hubble took this image in 2007 of Ganymede appearing to peek out from under Jupiter. Ganymede is the largest moon in our solar system and is even larger than Mercury.
Hubble captured this image of Saturn in 2004, a view so sharp that some of the planet’s smallest rings are visible.
Hubble followed the clouds over Uranus in this image taken in 1997. The image is a composite of three near-infrared images. The planet’s rings are prominent in the near infrared. Eight of Uranus’ 27 moons can be seen in both images. Uranus is located approximately 1.75 billion miles from Earth.
Hubble captured this image of the distant blue-green world of Neptune in 2005. Fourteen different colored filters were used to help scientists learn more about Neptune’s atmosphere. Neptune is approximately 2.8 billion miles from Earth.
Hubble has discovered four of Pluto’s five moons. In 2005: Nix and Hydra were found. Hubble discovered Kerberos in 2011 and Styx in 2012. The new discoveries joined Pluto’s large moon Charon, which was discovered in 1978. Styx was found by scientists who used Hubble to search for potential dangers to the New probe. Horizons that flew from Pluto in July 2015 Pluto is approximately 2.9 billion miles from Earth.
The iconic Horsehead Nebula is a favorite target of astronomers. Look closely and you will see what looks like a horse’s head rising among the stars. This Hubble image captures the nebula in infrared wavelengths. The nebula is 1,600 light years from Earth.
The Cat’s Eye Nebula is a bunch of glowing gases thrown into space by a dying star. This image from the Hubble Space Telescope shows details of structures including high-speed gas jets and unusual gas knots. This color image is a composite of three images taken at different wavelengths. The nebula is estimated to be 1,000 years old. It is located approximately 3,000 light years from Earth in the constellation of Draco.
The Bug, or Butterfly Nebula, looks like a butterfly with wings extending across the galaxy. It is actually a cloud of cloudy gas scattered by a dying star. Scientists say the gas is more than 36,000 degrees Fahrenheit and is expanding into space at more than 600,000 miles per hour. This image was taken with Hubble’s Wide Field Camera 3, a camera installed on Hubble during its May 2009 update by the shuttle astronauts. The nebula is located approximately 3,800 light years away in the constellation of Scorpio.
Astronomers combined several Hubble images taken in 2014 to create an updated view of Hubble’s iconic 1995 “Pillars of Creation” image. The new image shows a wider view of the pillars, which span about 5 light-years in height. The pillars are part of a small region of the Eagle Nebula, which is about 6,500 light-years from Earth.
This huge nebula is located 7,500 light years from Earth, in the constellation of Carina. It is one of the largest and brightest nebulae and is a breeding ground for new stars. It also has several stars that are estimated to be at least 50 to 100 times the mass of our Sun, including Eta Carinae, one of the brightest stars known and one of the most massive stars in the Milky Way.
One of the closest neighbors to our Milky Way, the Andromeda Galaxy, can be seen with the naked eye if you know where to look on a clear, dark night. In 2012, scientists using the Hubble data predicted that Andromeda would collide with the Milky Way in about four billion years. Andromeda is 2.5 million light years from Earth.
The Cigar Galaxy is 12 million light years away. It takes its name from its shape: from the Earth it looks like an elongated elliptical disk.
It is called one of the most photogenic galaxies: the Sombrero Galaxy looks like the broad giant rim of a Mexican hat stretched out among the stars. It can be found using a small telescope. It is located approximately 28 million light years from Earth.
This group of galaxies is located approximately 290 million light years from Earth. It is named after its discoverer, the French astronomer Edouard Stephan, who first saw it in 1877.
Hubble captured this image of a group of interacting galaxies called Arp 273. The larger galaxy has a central disc that is distorted into a rose-like shape by the thrust of its partner below.
In 2004, astronomers unveiled the deepest portrait of the visible universe ever made to date. Called the Hubble Ultra-Deep Field, the million-second long exposure shows the first galaxies that emerged shortly after the Big Bang. The image shows an estimated 10,000 galaxies. In 2012, astronomers assembled an updated image called the Hubble eXtreme Deep Field. He combined 10 years of Hubble Space Telescope photographs taken in a patch of sky in the center of the original Hubble Ultra-Deep Field. The new image contains approximately 5,500 galaxies.
This 2018 Hubble image shows the Lagoon Nebula, a chaotic nursery full of tiny stars. At the center of this image, a young star 200,000 times brighter than our sun emits ultraviolet radiation.
Even the stars like to blow bubbles. This 2016 image shares Hubble’s view of the Bubble Nebula, where a massive, super-hot star is blowing a giant bubble into space. The nebula has a diameter of 7 light years.
The Cone Nebula is a turbulent stellar column of gas and dust. It is 7 light years long, but this image taken by Hubble in 2002 shows the first 2.5 light years (which is equivalent to 23 million round trips to the moon). Ultraviolet radiation causes gaseous hydrogen to emit a mysterious red glow.
This is a detailed look at the section of a slowly expanding supernova, or the remains of an exploded star. Hubble took this image in 2015 of the Veil Nebula 2,100 light years away. The star was once 20 times more massive than our Sun, but only bursts of gas remain.
In 2009, NASA’s Great Observatories, including Hubble along with the Spitzer Space Telescope and the Chandra X-ray Observatory, combined their power of observation to create this unprecedented composite image of the center of our Milky Way galaxy. Here you can see infrared and X-ray light captured by the telescopes. Hubble’s contributions are in yellow, Spitzer’s observations are in red, and Chandra’s are in blue and purple.
Hubble also collaborated with Spitzer to create this stunning image of the Orion Nebula in 2006. The image combines visible, infrared and ultraviolet light. A community of massive stars is represented by yellow in the center of the image.
Hubble captured this vision of an expanding bright halo around the V838 star Monocerotis in 2004.
M83 is a nearby spiral galaxy, and this 2014 Hubble image shows its thousands of star clusters and supernova remnants. Young stars can be seen in pink bubbles of hydrogen gas.
This infrared light image taken by Hubble in 2014 shows the Monkey Head Nebula, where star birth occurs 6,400 light years from us. Clouds of dust and glowing gas swirl together here, representing the ingredients for forming stars.
This ultraviolet light observation of the giant star Eta Carinae was taken by Hubble in 2019. The star is the larger of the two star orbiting each other. It is known to have violent explosions, as the bubbles here demonstrate.
Fireworks are even more beautiful in space. Hubble captured this image of a giant cluster of 3,000 stars in 2015. It’s called Westerlund 2, located 20,000 light-years from Earth.