The National Institute of Nuclear Physics of Italy (INFN), in collaboration with the Galileo Galilei Institute (GGI) of Florence, awarded the first Galileo medal to Juan Maldacena "for the his pioneering ideas in theoretical physics, and in particular for the discovery of duality between gravity and quantum field theory, with far-reaching implications. "
The Galileo Medal is awarded to researchers who have made an exceptional contribution to the progress of research in theoretical physics. The announcement was made on February 15th, 455th birthday of Galileo Galilei.
Maldacena, a guest lecturer of the Institute of Advanced Studies with a degree of physics professor at Princeton, is one of the most influential theoretical physicists of the last decades. He completed his research doctorate. in physics at Princeton in 1996, a year before publishing his best known theory. His many fundamental insights have opened new perspectives in the fields of string theory, field theory and quantum gravity.
"Professor Maldacena was the first to propose, in 1997, a precise holographic correspondence between gravity and field theory", said Alberto Lerda, head of the theoretical commission of INFN. "The correspondence, known today as the correspondence of Maldacena, has had a great variety of applications in many areas of theoretical physics, from quark and gluon plasma to black hole thermodynamics, from relativistic fluid dynamics to strongly interacting electron systems. the article of Maldacena continues to be the most cited in the field. "
The Galileo Medal will be awarded on May 2 at GGI, located on the hill of Arcetri in Florence, where Galileo spent the last years of his life. The medal itself was designed and launched by Picchiani & Barlacchi, artisans who have created medals, plaques and trophies for more than a century.
The Galileo Medal Prize was established in 2018 by the INFN in honor of Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) founding father of the scientific method and modern physics, the medal will be awarded every two years to one, two or three theoretical physicists chosen by an international selection committee.