Less than two months before the US election, President Donald Trump seems to have something to celebrate: a nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize.
A far-right Norwegian politician presented Trump̵
Christian Tybring-Gjedde told Fox News Wednesday: “For his own merits, I think he has done more in trying to create peace among nations than most other peace prize candidates.”
Adding that he was not a big supporter of Trump, he added. “The committee should look at the facts and judge him on the facts, not on the way he sometimes behaves.”
Obviously a nomination isn’t the same as winning – we won’t know the winner for another 13 months – so what can we do with this news?
So who can name a person?
For one nomination only, the barrier to entry is low: all nominations from heads of state or politicians serving nationally are accepted.
University professors, directors of foreign policy institutes, former Nobel Prize recipients and members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee are also among those deemed qualified to nominate for the award. Applications do not require any invitation and, provided they are entered before February 1st of the qualifying year, they will be accepted.
For the 2020 Nobel Peace Prize – whose winner has not yet been announced – there were 318 nominees. The Norwegian Nobel Committee does not publicly comment on its nominees, which are kept secret for 50 years.
Has Mr. Trump been named before?
And for the second time he must thank Mr. Tybring-Gjedde. In 2018, the right-wing politician was one of two Norwegian lawmakers to nominate Trump for the same award, later for his efforts to bring reconciliation to North and South Korea.
Mr. Trump did not take the award home that year, but Mr. Tybring-Gjedde, a member of the Conservative Progress Party, insists that this time the President of the United States meets the criteria.
Last month, Israel and the UAE reached an agreement to normalize relations, with Israel agreeing to suspend its controversial plans to annex part of the occupied West Bank – announced by Trump in a surprise statement.
It is only the third Arab-Israeli peace agreement since Israel’s declaration of independence in 1948 and marks the first official diplomatic relationship between Israel and an Arab Gulf country. Palestinian leaders were reportedly caught off guard by the deal.
“This is a hard-earned and well-deserved honor for this president,” White House Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany said Wednesday. “Career politicians are simply talking about the kind of achievements this president has achieved on the world stage.”
Has a president of the United States already been appointed?
Mr. Trump is one of several US presidents to be nominated for the peace award, including President William Howard Taft, President Herbert Hoover, and President Franklin Roosevelt.
And if he were to receive the coveted award, Trump would be the fifth President of the United States to win, after Theodore Roosevelt in 1906, Woodrow Wilson in 1920, Jimmy Carter in 2002 and Barack Obama in 2009.
Obama’s nomination – after just a few months of work – was met with criticism in the United States, with some arguing that it did not have an impact worthy of the award.
Among his detractors? Mr. Trump, who tweeted in 2013 calling for the Obama award to be lifted.
Former Nobel Prize Secretary Geir Lundestad later said he was sorry for Obama’s choice. “Many of Obama’s supporters also believed the award was a mistake,” he told the AP news agency. “In this sense the committee did not get what it hoped for.”
Mr. Obama donated the $ 1.4 million (£ 1.08 million) prize to charity.
Have there been controversial nominations before?
While the award’s most famous recipients include Martin Luther King Jr, Nelson Mandela, and Mother Teresa – all who won the award – the general criteria for nominations indicate that past nominees have included highly unorthodox and controversial selections.
Adolf Hitler was nominated for the peace prize in 1939 by a member of the Swedish parliament. Reportedly presented in satire, the candidacy was withdrawn soon after. A few years later, Soviet leader Josef Stalin was nominated for the same award, twice, earning accolades in 1945 – for his efforts that ended World War II – and again in 1948.
After submission of nominations, the recipient is selected by a five-person Nobel Committee appointed by the Norwegian Parliament. The 2021 prize winner will not be announced until October next year.