PARIS – Before the deadly shootings on two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand, one of the suspects involved – a 28-year-old self-styled "normal white man from a normal family" – published a 74-page manifesto on Twitter.
The sprawling and angry text sheds light on the inspiration behind an attack that killed 49 Muslims during Friday prayers and dozens of other wounded. Among other things, the suspicion – that the Christchurch police confirmed he published the manifesto and has since been accused of murder – said that a trip to France in 2017 convinced him that the country was under "invasion" by "non-whites" ".
the final push was the testimony of the state of French cities and towns. For many years I listened to and read about the invasion of France by non-whites, many of these voices and stories that I thought were exaggerated, created to push a political narrative, "the suspect wrote.
" But one once France arrived, I found the stories not only to be true, but deeply underestimated, "he continued. A significant detail is that the suspect titled his manifesto" The Great Replacement ", a clear reference to the title of a book of 2012 of the far-right French polemicist Renaud Camus.
In that book, Camus exposes the "theory" that the white majority of Europe is currently in the process of being replaced by non-black African immigrants from North Africa and Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa, many of them Muslims
For years, the "great substitute" has been the battle cry of the distant French just, even after arrivals of immigrants to Europe have declined significantly vo after their peak in 2015. In the words of Marion Maréchal, previously Marion Maréchal-Le Pen, the 29-year-old granddaughter of the condemned at the Holocaust Jean-Marie Le Pen, the idea perfectly corresponds to reality.
"Today, there is a replacement of some parts of the territory of the so-called native French by a new immigrant population," he said in 2015. She is widely seen as a rising star in political life and it is a treasure of the extreme American right.
The notion of "massive immigration" that will inevitably inspire a violent cultural clash spread from the margins of French public discourse to the political mainstream. Also Laurent Wauquiez, leader of the French mainstream conservative party, Les Républicains, called the idea of Camus "a reality" in 2017. It has also crossed the oceans, and the "great substitute" has now become an apparently omnipresent song in a growing number of terrorist attacks perpetrated by white nationalists
In Charlottesville, Virginia, in August 2017, protesters sang "Jews will not replace us!" (In 2018, Camus published another book, this time entitled "You will not replace the United States!"). Pittsburgh, in November 2018, the shooter who killed 11 Jews in the bloodiest anti-Semitic attack in American history is apparently motivated by the immigration outrage, and in particular by the activities of HIAS, the Jewish society of protection and immigration providing humanitarian assistance to refugees.
Reached on Friday morning by phone at his home in southwestern France, Camus, who is now 72, told the Washington Post that he condemned the Christchurch violence attacks and has always condemned such violent attacks. When asked if he opposed how his idea of "the big substitution" was used, however, he said no.
"To the fact that people take note of the ethnic substitution that is taking place in my country?" . "No. On the contrary."
He added that he still hoped that the desire for a "counter-revolt" against "colonization in Europe today" would grow, a reference to the increases in non-white populations. "I hope it gets stronger," he said, stating that this apparent "demographic colonization" was "20 times more important than the colonization that Europe has done in Africa, for example."
French Muslims, meanwhile, lament to what extent these views are somehow tolerated in the kind French society.
"On the one hand, Renaud Camus is portrayed as an extremist ideologue for the extreme right, but he is also invited to the French Culture," said Yasser Louati, in Paris. organizer of the Muslim community "Has a platform."
France Culture is among the most famous radio programs in Europe, a French equivalent of NPR. Camus also discussed "gran remplacement" on "Répliques", a program anchored by Alain Finkielkraut, an important French intellectual.
"I'm just shocked that we continue to pretend that this is a surprise," said Louati, "When it's actually normalized".
In recent years there have also been numerous foiled attacks against Muslim civilians in France. In June 2018, for example, the French authorities stopped a right-wing cell that seemed to have planned a number of violent attacks. Ten defendants have been accused of terrorist conspiracy.
Now, apparently, the "big substitute" anxieties have also reached the relatively remote location of Christchurch, New Zealand – about 12,000 miles from the country where the idea was born.  "While I was sitting in the parking lot, in my rental car, I saw a stream of invaders crossing the doors of the mall," the suspect wrote in his manifesto, describing a stop in a medium-sized city in eastern France . "For every French man or woman there was double the number of invaders. I saw enough, and angrily, I left the city, refusing to stay in the cursed place again and headed for the next city." 19659021] "WHY SOMEONE WILL NOT HAVE SOMETHING SOMETHING?" The suspect writes later in the manifesto. "WHY DO I NOT SOMETHING?"