Home / Science / This 429-million-year-old trilobite eye is similar to those of modern insects

This 429-million-year-old trilobite eye is similar to those of modern insects



Meet Sasha, the preserved and reconstructed remains of a woolly rhino named that was discovered in Siberia.

Stone tools made from limestone helped researchers suggest that humans arrived in North America as early as 30,000 years ago.

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.4-million-year-old bone ax made from the femur of a hippo. It was most likely made by ancient human ancestors such as Homo erectus.

This illustration shows Kongonaphon kely, a newly described reptile that was one of the earliest ancestors of dinosaurs and pterosaurs. The fossil was found in Madagascar. It lived about 237 million years ago.

The Okavango Delta in Botswana displays an uneven landscape where the ability to plan translates into a huge survival gain.

It is a group of fossilized Protoceratops eggs and embryos, discovered in the Gobi Desert in Mongolia. They provide evidence that dinosaurs laid soft-shelled eggs.

These tools, made from the bones and teeth of monkeys and smaller mammals, were recovered from the Fa-Hien Lena cave in Sri Lanka. The sharp points served as arrowheads.

This labeled map shows the entire ancient Roman city of Falerii Novi as it currently exists underground.

Here you can see fragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls found in the 1950s.

This is one of 408 human footprints preserved at the Engare Sero site in Tanzania. The fossilized footprints reveal a group of 17 people who traveled together, probably including 14 women, two men and a young male.

Blade-like stone tools and beads found in the Bacho Kiro cave in Bulgaria provide the first evidence for modern humans in Europe 47,000 years ago.

This artist’s illustration shows what a tiny ichthyosaur that lived 248 million years ago might have looked like. It resembled a cross between a tadpole and a seal, grew to a foot in length, and had pebble-like teeth which it likely used to eat invertebrates such as snails and bivalves.

This is an artist’s illustration of Adalatherium hui, one of the first mammals that lived in Madagascar 66 million years ago.

This is an artist’s illustration showing a cross section of the earth’s crust in formation about 3-4 billion years ago.

The illuminated medieval manuscripts are full of intricate decoration, illustrations and colors, including “dying colors” that can no longer be recreated today.

These monkeys can be found in ancient Greek frescoes. And the details are so accurate that the researchers were able to identify them as vervet monkeys and baboons.

Archaeologists have found the oldest thread of yarn at a prehistoric site in southern France. This photograph, taken under a digital microscope, shows that of the bead fragment, which is approximately 6.2mm long and 0.5mm wide.

This illustration shows Elessaurus gondwanoccidens, a long-legged reptile that lived in South America during the Lower Triassic period. It is a cousin of other mysterious early reptiles that arose after the Permian mass extinction event 250 million years ago.

The skeletal remains of the antecessor Homo are on display in this image. A recent study suggests that the antecessor is a sister lineage of Homo erectus, a common ancestor of modern humans, Neanderthals, and Denisovans.

A nearly two-million-year-old Homo erectus skullcap has been found in South Africa. It is the first fossil of erectus found in southern Africa, which places it in the area at the same time as other ancient human ancestors.

This painting shows what Antarctica looked like 90 million years ago. It had a temperate swampy rainforest.

This artist’s illustration of Dineobellator notohesperus shows them in an open landscape, across what is now New Mexico, along with Ojoceratops and Alamosaurus in the background.

Ikaria wariootia was a worm-like creature that lived 555 million years ago. It represents the oldest ancestor of the family tree for most animals.

This is the 3.67 million-year-old “Little Foot” skull. The bottom view (right) shows the original position of the first cervical vertebra, which tells us about its head movements and blood flow to the brain.

This is an artist’s illustration of the world’s oldest modern bird, Asteriornis maastrichtensis, in its original setting. Parts of Belgium were covered by shallow sea and conditions were similar to modern tropical beaches like the Bahamas 66.7 million years ago.

This donkey skull was found in the tomb of a Tang dynasty noblewoman. Researchers determined that she played polo with donkeys and was buried with her donkeys so that she could continue her favorite sport into the afterlife.

Hundreds of mammoth bones found at a site in Russia were once used by hunter-gatherers to build a massive structure 25,000 years ago.

A fossil of an ancient rudist clam called Torreites sanchezi revealed that Earth’s days lasted 23.5 hours 70 million years ago.

This is a dinosaur artist’s impression of the prehistoric mudflat in Scotland, based on various dinosaur footprints recovered on the Isle of Skye.

A new study suggests that ostrich eggshell pearls have been used to cement relationships in Africa for more than 30,000 years.

This rock lined the sea floor some 3.2 billion years ago, providing evidence that Earth may have been an “aquatic world” in its ancient past.

These stone tools were found at the Dhaba site in India, proving that Homo sapiens survived a massive volcanic eruption 74,000 years ago.

The remains of 48 people who were buried in a 14th-century Black Death mass grave have been found in the English countryside of Lincolnshire.

The articulated remains of a Neanderthal man were found in the Shanidar cave, representing the first discovery of its kind in 20 years.

A rare disease that still affects humans today was found in the fossilized vertabra of a duck-billed dinosaur that roamed the Earth at least 66 million years ago.

Venezuelan paleontologist Rodolfo Sánchez is shown next to a male carapace of the giant tortoise Stupendemys geographicus, for the scale.

This artist’s illustration shows the recently discovered Tyrannosaurus rex relative, Thanatotheristes degrootorum.

The newly discovered species Allosaurus jimmadseni represents the first known Allosaurus. It was a fearsome predator that lived during the late Jurassic millions of years before Tyrannosaurus rex.

The remains found in the ancient boat houses of Herculaneum revealed that people trying to escape from the eruption of Vesuvius slowly suffocated as volcanic clouds invaded the city.

The Wulong bohaiensis fossil found in China’s Jehol province shows some initial and intriguing aspects of both birds and dinosaurs.

The shell tools were recovered from an Italian cave that shows Neanderthals combed on beaches and dived into the ocean to retrieve a specific type of shell to use as tools.

A closer look at Heslington’s brain, which is considered to be the oldest brain in Britain and belonged to a man who lived 2,600 years ago. Surprisingly, the soft tissue was not artificially preserved.

Researchers from the RAS Institute of Archeology of Russia excavated the burial sites of four women, who were buried with battle equipment in southwestern Russia and believed to be warrior women from the Amazon. The older woman found in the tombs wore a unique and rare ceremonial headdress.

Young Tyrannosaurus rex were agitated with knife-like teeth, serving as medium-sized carnivores before they became giant bone-crushing adults.

A skullcap of Homo erectus discovered in Central Java, Indonesia reveals how long they lived and when the first human species to walk upright went extinct.

This is an artistic reconstruction of Lola, a young girl who lived 5,700 years ago.

Part of the scene depicted in the world’s oldest rock art, showing half animal and half human hybrids hunting pigs and buffalo.

An ancient Egyptian cone was first found with the remains of a young woman buried in one of Amarna’s tombs.

A louse-like insect was trapped in amber crawling and chewing on a dinosaur feather.

The newly discovered Kupoupou stilwelli penguin species lived after the dinosaurs went extinct and serves as the missing link between the extinct giant penguins and modern penguins in Antarctica today.

This illustration compares the jaws and teeth of two predatory dinosaurs, Allosaurus (left) and Majungasaurus (right).

This is an artistic illustration of Najash rionegrina in the dunes of the Kokorkom Desert that stretched across northern Patagonia during the Late Cretaceous period. The snake is coiled with its hind limbs over the remains of a jaw of a small charcharodontosaurid dinosaur.

University of South Carolina archaeologist Christopher Moore (second from right) and colleagues collect core samples from White Pond near Elgin, South Carolina, to look for evidence of an impact from an asteroid or comet that may have caused the l extinction of large ice age animals such as saber-toothed cats and giant sloths and mastodons.

Carrot samples from White Pond near Elgin, South Carolina show evidence of platinum spikes and soot indicative of an impact from an asteroid or comet.

The Sosnogorsk Lagoon as it probably appeared 372 million years ago just before a deadly storm, according to an artist’s rendering. The newly discovered tetrapod can be seen on the left side of the image below the surface.

Bronze goods recovered from a river in northern Germany point to an ancient tool kit from a Bronze Age warrior.

Mold pigs are a recently discovered family, genus and species of microinvertebrates that lived 30 million years ago.

Ferrodraco lentoni was a pterosaur, or “flying lizard”, which lived among dinosaurs 96 million years ago. The fossil was found in Australia.

These Late Bronze Age feeding vessels were likely used for children who drank animal milk.

This is the first representation of what the mysterious ancient humans called Denisovans, a twin group of Neanderthals. This image shows a young Denisovan woman, reconstructed on the basis of DNA methylation maps. The art was created by Maayan Harel.

Researchers have found a fossil of one of New Zealand’s oldest bird species. While its descendants were giant seabirds, this smaller ancestor likely flew shorter distances.

One painting shows the new giant salamander species called Andrias sligoi, the largest amphibian in the world.

After its discovery in 2013, Victoria’s 66-million-year-old fossilized skeleton has been restored bone by bone. It is the second most complete T. rex fossil ever recorded.

An artist’s illustration shows how different an ancient “short-faced” kangaroo called Simosthenurus occidentalis was, in contrast to modern kangaroos. Its skull most closely resembles a koala.

An artistic illustration of Cryodrakon boreas, one of the largest flying animals to ever live during the Cretaceous period. Although researchers don’t know the color of Cryodrakon’s plumage, the colors shown here honor Canada, where the fossil was found.

A graphic thermal image of a T. rex with its dorsotemporal window shining on the skull.

A complete skull belonging to an ancient human ancestor was found in Ethiopia. A 3.8 million-year-old composite of Australopithecus anamensis skull is seen here alongside a facial reconstruction.

The remains inside the tomb IIIN199, found under Prague Castle in 1928, belong to a 10th century man. Its identity has been the subject of great debate for years.

Vertebrae fossils of a type of stegosaurus never discovered before have been found in Morocco. Researchers say they represent the oldest stegosaurus found.

The Neanderthal La Chapelle-aux-Saints skull shows signs of external auditory exostosis, known as “surfer’s ear” growths, in the left canal.

The Fincha Habera rock shelter in the Ethiopian mountains of Bale served as a residence for prehistoric hunter-gatherers.

The largest parrot in the world, Heracles inexpectatus, lived 19 million years ago in New Zealand. He was over 3 feet tall and weighed over 15 pounds.

Saber-toothed cats, cruel wolves, and coyotes had different hunting patterns according to a new study on predator fossils found in the La Brea Tar pits.

Researchers found 83 tiny glassy spheres inside fossil clams from a Florida quarry. Tests suggest they are evidence of one or more undocumented meteorite impacts in Florida’s distant past.

This primitive dinosaur had a broad W-shaped jaw and a solid bony crest resembling a hunchbacked nose.

An illustration of a Microraptor swallowing a lizard whole during the Cretaceous period. Well-preserved fossils of the Microraptor and the lizard were both found, leading to the discovery that the lizard was a previously unknown species.

The back of a skull found in a Greek cave has been dated to 210,000 years ago. Known as Apidima 1, on the right, the researchers were able to scan and recreate it (center and left). The rounded shape of Apidima 1 is a unique feature of modern humans and contrasts sharply with Neanderthals and their ancestors.

A 33,000-year-old human skull shows evidence of being hit by a sledgehammer-like object. The right side of the man’s head has a large depressed fracture.

The recently discovered fossilized femur of an ancient giant bird revealed that it weighed almost as much as an adult polar bear and could reach a height of 11 and a half feet. It lived between 1.5 and 2 million years ago.

This jaw belonged to a Neanderthal girl who lived 120,000 years ago. It was found in the Scladina cave in Belgium.

This is an artist’s illustration of the newly discovered dinosaur species Fostoria dhimbangunmal.

Radiocarbon dating revealed that this Iron Age wooden shield was made between 395 and 255 BC.

The incredibly well-preserved fossil of an extinct 3-million-year-old species of field mouse found in Germany, which was less than 3 inches long, was found to have a red pigment in its fur.

A 5,000-year-old mass grave in Poland contains 15 people who all came from the same extended family.

This is an artist’s impression of Ambopteryx longibrachium, one of only two dinosaurs known to have membranous wings. The dinosaur’s fossil remains were found in Liaoning, northeastern China, in 2017.

Reconstruction of a small late Cretaceous tyrannosauroid Suskityrannus hazelae.

Researchers have been studying Archeopteryx fossils for 150 years, but new X-ray data reveals that the bird-like dinosaur may have been an “active flyer.”

A 160,000-year-old Denisovian mandible found in a cave on the Tibetan plateau is the earliest evidence of the presence of this ancient human group outside the Denisova cave in Siberia.

Illustration by an artist from the Simbakubwa kutokaafrika, a giant carnivore that lived 23 million years ago. It is known from the fossils of most of its jaw, portions of its skull and parts of its skeleton. It was a hyenodon, a now extinct group of carnivorous mammals, which was larger than a modern polar bear.

The right upper teeth of the recently discovered species Homo luzonensis. The teeth are smaller and more simplified than those belonging to other Homo species.

The imposing and scarred “Scotty” is the largest Tyrannosaurus rex in the world and the largest dinosaur skeleton ever found in Canada.

Researchers discovered unknown species at the Qingjiang fossil site on the bank of the Danshui River, near its junction with the Qingjiang River in Hubei Province, China.

During a study of the ancient Iberian population, the remains of a man and woman buried together at a Spanish Bronze Age site called Castillejo de Bonete showed that the woman was a local and the man’s more recent ancestors were from from central Europe.

Durrington Walls is a late Neolithic henge site in Wiltshire. Pig bones recovered at the site revealed that people and livestock have traveled hundreds of miles for banquets and celebrations.

An artist’s impression of a herd of Galleonosaurus dorisae on a river bank in the Australian-Antarctic Rift Valley during the Lower Cretaceous, 125 million years ago.

The remains of 137 children and 200 lamas were found in Peru in an area that was once part of the culture of the Chimú state, which was at the height of power during the 15th century. Children and lamas may have been sacrificed due to the floods.

The tooth of an extinct giant sloth that lived in Belize 27,000 years ago revealed that the area was arid rather than the jungle it is today.

An artist’s illustration of what the little tyrannosaurus Moros intrepidus would have looked like 96 million years ago. These small predators would eventually become Tyrannosaurus rex.

Examples of tools made from monkey bones and teeth recovered from the late Pleistocene layers of the Fa-Hien Lena cave in Sri Lanka show that early humans used sophisticated techniques to hunt monkeys and squirrels.

Footprints thought to belong to Neanderthals have been found in the sand dune of the Catalan bay.

Two of the fossil specimens discovered in Korea had reflective eyes, a feature still evident in light.

An artist’s illustration of Mnyamawamtuka moyowamkia, a mid-Cretaceous long-necked titanosaur recently found in Tanzania. Its tail vertebra has a unique heart shape, which contributed to its name. In Swahili, the name translates to “Mtuka animal with a heart-shaped tail”.

The oldest evidence of mobility is 2.1 billion years old and was found in Gabon. The tubes, uncovered in black shale, are filled with pyrite crystals generated by the transformation of biological tissue by bacteria, which are found in layers of clay minerals.

Researchers recently studied climate change in Greenland as it happened during the time of the Vikings. Using lake sediment cores, they found it was actually warmer than previously believed. They studied at several sites, including a 21st-century reproduction of Thjodhild’s church on Erik the Red’s estate, known as Brattahlíð, in present-day Qassiarsuk, Greenland.

This is an illustration by an Antarctic artist, 250 million years ago. The recently discovered fossil of a dinosaur relative, Antarctanax shackletoni, revealed that reptiles lived among Antarctica’s diverse wildlife after mass extinction.

Bone points and perforated teeth found in the Denisova cave have been dated to the early Upper Paleolithic. A new study establishes the chronology of the cave and it protected the first humans known as early as 300,000 years ago.

This artist’s illustration shows a platypus-like marine reptile hunting at sunset. This duck-billed animal was the first reptile to have unusually small eyes which most likely required it to use other senses, such as the tactile sense of the duck’s bill, to hunt prey.

Though difficult to spot, researchers found patches of lapis lazuli pigment, called ultramarine blue, in the dental plaque on a medieval woman’s lower jaw.

A Neanderthal fossil, left, and a modern human skeleton. It is commonly believed that Neanderthals exhibit a high incidence of trauma compared to modern humans, but a new study reveals that TBI was consistent for both.

The world’s oldest figurative artwork from Borneo has been dated to 40,000 years ago, when humans lived on what is now known as the third largest island on Earth.

The tooth of a 250,000-year-old Neanderthal baby contains an unprecedented record of the seasons of birth, lactation, illness and lead exposure in the first three years of its life.

An artist’s illustration shows giant nocturnal elephants feeding at night in the ancient forests of Madagascar. A new study suggests that the now extinct birds were nocturnal and blind.

Kebara 2 is the most complete Neanderthal fossil recovered to date. It was discovered in the Kebara cave in Israel, where other Neanderthal remains were found.

The oldest intact wreck in the world was found by a research team in the Black Sea. It is a Greek merchant ship dating back to 400 BC. The ship was digitally detected and mapped by two remote underwater vehicles.

This fossil represents a new piranha-like fish from the Jurassic period with sharp, pointed teeth. It probably fed on the fins of other fish.

The fossil skull of the young Diplodocus known as Andrew, held by Cary Woodruff, director of paleontology at the Great Plains Dinosaur Museum.

Two small bones from the Ciemna cave in Poland are the oldest human remains found in the country. The condition of the bones also suggests that the baby was eaten by a large bird.

This artist’s illustration shows the recently discovered dinosaur species Ledumahadi mafube feeding in the early Jurassic of South Africa. Also in the foreground can be seen the heterodontosaurus, another South African dinosaur.

A 73,000-year-old red cross hatch pattern was drawn on a silicrete scale, which forms when sand and gravel cement together, and found in a cave in South Africa.

A series of Middle Neolithic pottery including items typical of Danilo, figulina and rhyta which were used to hold meat, milk, cheese and yogurt.

These four dinosaurs show the evolution of the alvarezsaurs. From left, Haplocheirus, Xiyunykus, Bannykus and Shuvuuia reveal jaw lengthening, tooth reduction, and hand and arm alterations.

Eorhynchochelys sinensis is a primitive turtle that lived 228 million years ago. It had a toothless beak, but without a shell.

The leg bones of a 7-year-old boy, recovered from an ancient Roman cemetery, show flexions and deformities associated with rickets.

Easter Island’s famous statues, called moai, were originally full-body figures that have been partially covered over time. They represent important Rapa Nui ancestors and were sculpted after a population was established on the island 900 years ago.

The researchers are located at the Aubrey Hole 7 excavation site, where cremated human remains were recovered at Stonehenge for study. New research suggests that 40% of the 25 people buried at Stonehenge were not from there, but they likely transported stones from West Wales and helped build it.

The newly discovered fossil of the armored dinosaur Akainacephalus johnsoni was found in southern Utah.

The foot is a part of a partial skeleton of a 3.32 million year old skeleton of a child Australopithecus afarensis nicknamed Selam.

The asteroid impact that caused the extinction of the dinosaurs also destroyed global forests, according to a new study. This illustration shows one of the few birds living on land that survived the toxic environment and mass extinction.

The remains of a slaughtered rhino are helping researchers trace back to when the first humans reached the Philippines. They found a 75% complete skeleton of a rhino that was clearly slaughtered, with 13 of its bones showing cut marks and areas where the bone was hit to release the marrow, at the Kalinga archaeological site on the island. of Luzon.

This is just one of 26 individuals found at the site of a 5th-century massacre on the Swedish island of Öland. This teenager was found lying on his side, which suggests a slower death. Other skeletons found in the homes and streets of the Sandby Borg ringfort show signs of sudden death from blows to the head.

The skeleton of a young woman and her fetus were found in a brick coffin dated to medieval Italy. His skull shows an example of neurosurgery and his son was extruded after death in a rare “coffin birth”.

This portion of a whale skull was found at the Calaveras Dam construction site in California, along with at least 19 others. Some of the pieces measure 3 feet in length.

A stone age cow skull shows trepanation, a hole in the skull that was created by humans as a surgery or experiment.

On the left is a fossilized skull of our hominid ancestor Homo heidelbergensis, who lived 200,000 to 600,000 years ago. On the right is a modern human skull. Hominins had pronounced brow arches, but modern humans have evolved movable eyebrows as their face shape got smaller.

On the left is a 13,000-year-old footprint found in the sediments of Calvert Island off the Canadian Pacific coast. On the right is a digitally enhanced image, showing the details of the impression.

A central platform at Star Carr in North Yorkshire, England, has been excavated by a research group studying past climate change events at the medieval stone age site. The Star Carr site houses the oldest evidence of carpentry in Europe and structures built in Great Britain.

This wall with paintings is located in the La Pasiega cave in Spain. The scale shape of the horizontal and vertical red lines is more than 64,000 years old and was made by Neanderthals.

These perforated shells were found in the Spanish sea cave of Cueva de los Aviones and date back to a period between 115,000 and 120,000 years ago. Researchers believe these served as a body ornament for Neanderthals.

The first modern human fossil ever found outside of Africa was recovered in Israel. This suggests that modern humans left Africa at least 50,000 years earlier than previously believed. The upper jaw, including several teeth, was recovered from a prehistoric cave site.

This is a structure excavated at the northern end of the Grand Plaza at Teposcolula-Yucundaa in Oaxaca, Mexico. Researchers studied a cemetery of “pestilence” associated with a devastating epidemic of 1545-1550. New analysis suggests that salmonella caused a typhoid fever outbreak.

About five feet tall, the first human ancestor Paranthropus boisei had a small brain and a broad, flat face. It is best known for having large teeth and heavy chewing muscles.


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