Movies shot in the province of Cagayan on Friday show strong winds and heavy rains that knock down buildings and bend tree trunks as the storm approaches.
The national meteorological service of the Philippines foresees that the typhoon will land on Cagayan on Saturday between 1 and 3 am
It was estimated that the typhoon could bring a wave of twenty feet in the provinces of Cagayan and Ilocos Norte by Saturday and reach six and a half feet in the provinces of Isabela and Ilocos Sur.
Rescuers devoted themselves to high alert
In the Philippines, schools were closed, the owners of the houses and businesses boarded the windows and the army was put on alert.
President Rodrigo Duterte has excluded the troops from their leave and has ordered that the illegally imported rice seized by customs officers in the ports of the country be handed over to the Department for Social Welfare and Development for Potential Relief.  Hundreds of bulldozers were prepared in the event of landslides and rescuers were deployed throughout the country. In some cases, Duterte said, the resources that had already been sent were moved to get them out of the storm's trajectory.
A difficult choice for farmers: to collect or evacuate?
President Duterte warned that the storm could inflict a blow to the country's agricultural sector, just as rice and maize crops are destined to begin.
The president's order for farmers to harvest their ripest beans immediately constituted a difficult choice for farmers who were also told to evacuate.
If the country was severely hit by the storm, the president foresaw hundreds of millions of dollars in lost revenue.
Hong Kong and Southern China are coming on the way to the storm
After the Philippines, the storm is expected to transit to Hong Kong on Sunday before crashing into the Chinese mainland on Monday morning.
The Hong Kong Observatory warned residents of the territory to "take due precautions and pay close attention to the latest information" about the storm.
In mainland China, the southern provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi and Hainan ordered residents to seek shelter from the coast.
The Washington State Department issued a travel warning for Guangdong and Hainan, warning of "extremely strong winds, dangerous stormy tides, heavy rains and possible flooding."
Typhoon Haiyan's lessons
Much of the planning for Mangkhut was informed by typhoon Haiyan, the devastating storm of 2013 that led to the death of thousands of people and left more than four million homeless.
taught many lessons. Food and fresh water must be in place before a storm is triggered, as roads and airports can be closed for a week or more after due to fallen trees and other damage. Soldiers and police officers must be expelled to re-establish order as soon as the typhoon passes, so civil society does not collapse in areas devastated by the storm. Evacuation centers must be built on higher ground with stronger roofs.
Why do the Philippines call the typhoon Ompong?
The task of naming typhoons falls on the Japanese meteorological agency, which uses the names in sequence from a list suggested by different countries. But when typhoons enter the area of responsibility of the Philippines for storm monitoring, they are given a different name from the Meteorological Administration, Geophysics and Astronomical Services of the Philippines, the National Meteorological Agency. It has issued its own list every year since it was founded in 1972. Thus, Mangkhut becomes Ompong in the Philippines.
Local names, the reasons for the agency, are easier to remember in rural areas and make the storms feel more immediate, increasing the possibility that people take them seriously.
The Philippine agency also assigns names to tropical depressions, which are not named internationally, because even if they are less powerful than typhoons, they can still cause significant damage.
name recognized for the typhoon – "Mangkhut" – is the Thai word for mangosteen, a tropical fruit, red-purple, originating in Southeast Asia.
The mangosteen, which has a hard shell with white meat inside, is cheap and abundant in Asia, but rarer and more expensive in the West, where it is still growing in popularity.
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