"It was not prosecuted by the state, it was pursued by companies, and it had economic advantages because it is what companies like," he said.
U.S. The deputy energy secretary Dan Brouillette rejected this request. The Russian partner Gazprom is controlled by the state and started the project on behalf of Moscow, he said.
"This is not a purely private project for the development of energy", he said. "So what are the reasons for doing this? If it is a government-led exercise, you have to look at … the geopolitics and the governments involved."
Russia's motivations for building Nord Stream 2 and another pipeline called Turkstream are clear, according to Amos Hochstein, a former special envoy for international energy under President Barack Obama who now sits on the council of surveillance of the Ukrainian gas company Naftogaz. Moscow wants to evade the Ukrainian pipeline system, depriving its regional rival of valuable transit fees and making it easier for the Kremlin to put pressure on its neighbors.
"If you have an infrastructure that works, you rarely see anyone say" Hey, it works. We are going to fund billions of dollars in a different infrastructure to achieve a very similar goal, or get a gas molecule from Russia to Europe, "Hochstein said in a separate meeting on Wednesday.
" That's what c & # 39; is on the table right now, a non-commercial project that serves a political goal. "