The Nobel Prize Season begins each October as committees in Sweden and Norway nominate winners of a number of awards in science, literature and economics, as well as peace work. Announcements began on Monday this year with the awarding of the Physiology or Medicine award. They will continue until next Monday, when the Sveriges Riksbank Prize for Economic Sciences in memory of Alfred Nobel will be announced.
Nobel prizes for most years are handed out to recipients in Stockholm and Oslo in December. Due to the coronavirus pandemic, the committees are changing their approaches. Some of the events in Stockholm will be canceled in favor of a digital Nobel Prize ceremony, and medals and diplomas will be distributed to recipients̵
The Oslo peace award ceremony will be smaller than most years, with a limited audience.
Last month the Nobel committee also announced another change: each prize will rise to 10 million Swedish kronor, 1 million more than the previous year. This is an increase in the value of the premium of approximately $ 112,000 at current exchange rates.
The winners of 2020
Physiology or medicine
Drs. Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice received the award for theirs on Monday discovery of the hepatitis C virus. The Nobel Committee said the three scientists have “made possible blood tests and new drugs that have saved millions of lives.”
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was jointly awarded Wednesday to Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna for their work on the development of Crispr-Cas9, a method for genome editing.